Your consultant will start by speaking to you about your medical history, symptoms, and how long they have troubled you. They will then examine your knees. Don’t be surprised if they also do a hip and back examination because some knee pain can come from elsewhere (referred pain).
While you’re moving around, your consultant will look at the position of your knees. They will assess movement within the knee to check for any abnormal actions. They will also feel for tenderness and swelling.
Your consultant will often arrange an x-ray to be carried out by one of our radiographers whilst you are in the hospital. They will then see you after the x-ray to discuss the findings and hopefully provide a diagnosis and treatment plan.
Should your consultant recommend further investigations to aid diagnosis, such as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, we’ll arrange this at our sister hospital, The Ross Hall Hospital, in Glasgow. MRI scans provide detailed images of the knee showing bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, and muscles.
Occasionally, your consultant may conclude that you have a condition that another specialist would be better at treating, such as an expert in arthritis and inflammatory disorders (a rheumatologist) or an orthopaedic surgeon with a particular sub-speciality interest. If so, they can refer you.