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Private treatment for heavy periods and related conditions
Heavy periods may be normal for some women and may not require treatment, but sometimes they can be a sign of an underlying medical condition. Heavy periods can also have a negative impact on your health and quality of life.
Call 0141 300 5009 or book online today to arrange a consultation to discuss private treatment for heavy periods with a consultant of your choice at Circle Health Group.
This page explains what heavy periods are, some causes of heavy periods, and what treatments are available.
See a doctor if you feel your periods are heavier than they should be, are heavier than usual, or interfere with your ability to carry out normal activities.
An imbalance of the female sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone can result in heavy periods. Hormonal imbalances can be caused by conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), thyroid disorders, obesity, and insulin resistance. Heavy periods due to fluctuations in hormone levels can also occur during perimenopause, the months or years leading up to menopause.
Some types of IUDs that do not contain hormones can cause heavy periods.
Bleeding in pregnancy may be a sign of complications such as miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy (where the foetus grows outside the womb). If you experience any bleeding while you are pregnant, seek immediate medical attention.
This is a chronic (long-term) condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb (the endometrium) grows in areas outside the womb like the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and bowel. Symptoms include painful periods and bleeding or spotting between periods.
PID is a condition where there is inflammation of the reproductive tract including the fallopian tubes, womb, and ovaries. It is normally caused by an untreated sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea. Symptoms of PID include pain during sex, lower abdominal pain, and bleeding between periods.
STIs including chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and trichomoniasis can cause heavy periods.
Fibroids are a type of non-cancerous tumour that grow in the uterus (womb). Symptoms include heavy periods, back pain, and pain during sex. Small fibroids may not need treatment, but if your fibroids are large or causing symptoms, they can be treated with medication or surgery.
These are small, non-cancerous growths on the lining of the womb. They may not cause any symptoms but can be a cause of heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. They can be treated with medication or surgery.
A condition where tissue from the lining of the uterus grows into the uterine wall making the uterus larger than normal. Adenomyosis may not have any symptoms but can cause heavy, painful periods, pain during sex, and infertility. The condition can be treated with pain medication, hormonal birth control, or in severe cases, a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the womb).
Cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovaries can be a cause of heavy bleeding, particularly after menopause.
Conditions such as von Willebrand's disease interfere with the blood's ability to clot and can cause heavier than normal periods
Medicines that thin the blood like aspirin and warfarin, hormonal medications, and anti-inflammatories can contribute to heavy periods.
A variety of medical conditions, including liver or kidney disease, can make periods heavier.
At your first appointment with Circle Health Group, you will be seen by a consultant gynaecologist, a doctor specialising in conditions affecting the female reproductive system.
Your consultant will ask you some questions about your menstrual cycle. These may include:
Your consultant will also ask you about your general health, medical history, and any medications you are taking. They will perform a physical examination and order any necessary tests or scans.
These may include:
Depending on the results of your initial tests your consultant may order:
At Circle Health Group, your first appointment is very important as it's where your consultant will ask you about your symptoms, perform a physical examination, order any necessary tests, provide a diagnosis, and discuss possible treatments.
Your first consultation is also where we get to know you, discuss your expectations for treatment, and encourage you to ask any questions you may have. It is important to us that you are as well-informed and comfortable as possible during your time with us, so please ask your consultant any questions you may have.
After making a diagnosis, your consultant will discuss possible treatment options with you. The best treatment for you will depend on many factors including:
Treatment for heavy periods depends on the cause as well as your individual circumstances and preferences. Heavy periods can sometimes be treated with medication, but in some cases, surgery may be necessary.
During this procedure, the cervix is dilated, and tissue is scraped or suctioned from the lining of the uterus. The procedure is often effective at reducing heavy menstrual bleeding but may need to be done more than once if heavy bleeding returns.
This is a treatment for fibroids where a catheter is inserted into an artery in the thigh and guided to the arteries in the uterus. An injection is then given to cut off the blood supply to the fibroids causing them to shrink.
In this procedure a laser or heat is used to destroy the lining of the uterus resulting in lighter periods. This procedure is not recommended if you want to have children in the future.
The lining of the uterus is removed using an electrosurgical wire loop. Like endometrial ablation, pregnancy is not recommended after this procedure.
This is a non-invasive procedure where ultrasound waves are used to destroy fibroid tissue and shrink fibroids.
Myomectomy is the surgical removal of fibroids. It may be performed through open abdominal surgery, laparoscopically (through several small incisions in the abdomen), or hysteroscopically (through the vagina and cervix). The type of surgery depends on the size and number of fibroids, and where they are located.
This is the removal of your cervix and uterus. It results in the permanent end of your periods and stops you from being able to get pregnant. If you have your ovaries removed at the same time (bilateral oophorectomy) this will trigger immediate menopause. A hysterectomy is performed under general anaesthetic and requires a stay in hospital
If left untreated heavy periods can lead to problems with your health such as:
Being unable to participate in normal activities like working and going out can lead to isolation, depression, and stress.
This is a condition where there is not enough iron in your blood. Your body needs iron to make red blood cells. Iron deficiency anaemia is diagnosed with a simple blood test and can be treated with iron supplements.
Symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia include:
Sometimes your period may be heavier than normal for no apparent reason, or it may be due to underlying factors like hormonal imbalance, uterine polyps, fibroids, or pregnancy complications. The only way to find out for sure what is causing your heavy periods is to get checked out by a doctor. If your periods are heavy or have suddenly become heavier, make an appointment with a doctor.
How to stop heavy periods depends on the cause. Your doctor will run some tests to find out what is causing your heavy periods and recommend treatment depending on your diagnosis, whether or not you want to have children in the future and how much your heavy period is affecting your life. Treatments include medications to correct hormonal imbalances and reduce bleeding and surgery to remove fibroids, polyps, or the lining of your womb.
It isn't possible to have a period when you are pregnant. Bleeding or spotting during pregnancy is caused by something other than your period and may be a sign that something is wrong with the pregnancy. If you experience bleeding or spotting at any stage of your pregnancy, seek immediate medical attention.
Yes. If you lose a lot of blood during your period it can cause a condition called iron deficiency anaemia. Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. Your doctor can check whether you have iron deficiency anaemia with a blood test. The condition is treated with iron supplements.
When we are stressed we release stress hormones such as cortisol that may disrupt our levels of reproductive hormones and impact our menstrual cycle. One study1 found a link between high levels of stress and an increase in symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), amenorrhea, (absence of periods), and dysmenorrhea (period pain). More research is needed to say for sure whether stress can be a cause of heavy periods.
If you would like to see a consultant or learn more about treatment for heavy periods, book your appointment online today or call a member of our team directly on 0141 300 5009.
Content reviewed by Circle in-house team in December 2022. Next review due December 2025.